Having a child – Russian citizen is a ground to apply for permanent residency skipping the necessity to apply for temporary residency. In case both parents are foreign nationals, and they have a child born in Russia such child doesn’t have the right to obtain Russian citizenship. One of the parents has to be Russian citizen for the child to be Russian citizen.
Residency issued based on a Russian child is permanent but could be revoked in case foreign national doesn’t stay in Russia at least 180 days in each year after permanent residency was issued.
Permanent residency gives the right for foreign national to work in any Russian region without a work permit, travel in and out of Russia without a visa and reside anywhere in Russia. It also gives foreign national the right for state medical and health care coverage.
Processing time for obtaining of permanent residency is 4 months after filing of the application. Foreign national may travel outside Russia after submitting the application. Application is done in person. After permanent residency is issued foreign national has 7 days to register at the residency address. On an annual basis foreign national is obliged to confirm his/her residency in Russia by submitting a form that contains information on the number of days spent outside of Russia within the past year and information on income which can be savings in the bank or employment related.
After obtaining of permanent residency in Russia foreign national is obliged to inform Russian tax authorities on an annual basis before each 1st of June about his/her assets and foreign bank accounts abroad.
In case foreign national was not married or is divorced with a Russian citizen but has a Russian child under current citizenship law such foreign national can only apply for permanent residency and for citizenship only after 5 years of residing in Russia based on permanent residency permit. In case foreign national is married to a Russian and they have a child Russian citizen foreign national is eligible to apply for citizenship right after obtaining permanent residency provided the marriage is longer than 1 year. The new draft of citizenship law that may come into force as of March 2023 will allow foreign national to apply for Russian citizenship right after obtaining permanent residency based on Russian child regardless of the marriage to a Russian citizen.
When applying for permanent residency based on a Russian child there is no need to pass the Russian language test
- Childs birth certificate.
In case child was born outside Russia the document has to be legalized or apostilled and translated to the Russian language. Translation to Russian should be done in Russia.
- Foreign national’s original passport
- Russian child’s permanent address registration in Russia – Form 8
- Apostilled police criminal record of a foreign national translated to Russian and notarized
- Medical tests done in Russia
- Confirmation of the source of income in Russia – salary from the Russian company, extract from the savings account in the Russian bank
- Address registration of a foreign national in Russia
- Migration card issued when crossing Russian border
- Confirmation of payment of the state duty for processing of residency application
Foreign national can apply for permanent residency in the region where such foreign national has address registration even if Russian child has permanent registration in a different region of Russia.